Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry dealing with the treatment of teeth irregularities, especially occlusion and alignment, and jaws that are improperly positioned. Crooked teeth that don’t fit together are harder to clean, posing higher risks of being lost early as a result of tooth decay or periodontal disease. Because of improperly aligned teeth and jaw, the extra effort add stress on chewing muscles leading to headaches, neck, shoulder and back pain, and TMJ syndrome. The benefits of orthodontic treatment include improved appearance, healthier mouth and stronger teeth. An orthodontist is a specialist in the field of orthodontics that help patients correct bites, occlusion and alignment of teeth. Orthodontists are graduates of four years general dentistry and additional two or more years of education in an approved training program.
A dentist or orthodontist is the only one who can determine if you will benefit from an orthodontic treatment. Diagnostic evaluation includes clinical exam, medical history, dental health history, x-rays, photographs and plaster models of your teeth. If you are suffering from overbite, underbite, crossbite, open bite, misplaced midline, spacing or crowding, then you are a good candidate for an orthodontic treatment. When the upper front teeth lies to far forward, sticking out over the lower teeth, then it is called “buck teeth” or overbite. If the upper teeth is too far back or the lower teeth are too far forward, it is called underbite or “bulldog”. Crossbite is the term that applies if upper teeth don’t come down slightly in front of the lower teeth when biting. The presence of space between the biting surfaces of the side and front teeth when the back teeth bite together is termed as an open bite. As the term implies, misplaced midline is the improper alignment of the center of the upper front teeth to the center of lower teeth. Gaps are produced by teeth that don’t fill up the mouth or missing teeth leading to spacing. Crowding refers to many teeth that accumulates in the dental ridge.
There are many types of appliances, categorized into two which are fixed and removable, helping in moving the teeth, retaining muscles and affecting the growth of the jaws. Removable appliances include aligners, removable space maintainers, jaw repositioning appliances, lip and neck bumpers, palatal expander, removable retainers and headgear, while fixed appliances include braces, special fixed appliances and fixed space maintainers. Braces consist of bands, wires and brackets, and are considered the most common type of fixed appliances. Brackets are typically bonded to the front tooth, and the bands are fixed around the teeth or tooth and used as anchors for the appliance.
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If you think you need an orthodontic treatment, we are here to help you out. We provide orthodontic services in Indianapolis serving local clients. Feel free to visit us anytime.Smart Ideas: Professionals Revisited